Retrofitting the world’s existing housing stock with energy efficiency improvements will be crucial to climate success. Energy efficiency has had an enormous impact on the residential sector: IEA has reported that efficiency levels in residential buildings in its member countries are 20% greater than they were in 2000 and have accounted for a 6% reduction in total final consumption.
This report provides an introductory understanding of the political economy of the circular economy, and highlights how to realize its potential. The report discusses the benefits of the circular economy, policy measures that have been proposed to advance the circular economy, and attributes of organizations that support or oppose this effort. Two case studies, Europe and India, are used to highlight recent circular economy developments. The report concludes with recommendations for circular economy advocates.